Public Sector Information (PSI)
Reuse of PSI means using data in new ways by adding value to it, combing information from different sources, making mash-ups and new applications, both for commercial and non-commersial purposes.
Why is open access to PSI information important in gereral and for innovation in particular?
Knowledge and information flows underpin creativity and innovation, and the relative scope and scales of PSI, particular in small economies, make PSI important sources of raw maretial for innovations.
PSI has great economical potentail. According to a servey on exsisiting findings on the economical impact of PSI conducted by the EU Commission in 2011, the overall direct and indirect economic gains are estimated at 140 billion Euros throughout the EU. Increase in the reuse of PSI gererates new business and jobs, and provides costumers with more choise and more value for the money. Hence, there is a huge economical potential for the Baltic Sea Region to spur innovation within this field, especially for SMEs.
Open data is data that can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone – subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and sharealike.
So what does Open data means?
Availability and access – the data must be available as a whole and at no more than a reasonable cost, preferably by downloading over the internet. The data must also be available in a convenient and modifiable form.
Reuse and redistribution – the data must be provided under terms that permit reuse and redistribution including the intermixing with other datasets.
Universal participation – everyone must me able to use, resure and redistribute; there should be no discrimination agianst fields of endeavour or agianst persons or groups. For example, “non-commercial” restrictions that would prevent “comercial” use, or restrictions of use for certain purposes (e.g. only in education), are not allowed.